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2 - Operation "Wall of China"

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  A secure lock

A secure lockOn 19th August, police and members of combat units barricaded the doors and basements of buildings in the Schwedter Strasse (Prenzlauer Berg) and Brunnenstrasse (Mitte). Two days later, people living in houses located on the border were expelled by force. The drains were blocked up and over 50 houses, 37 shops and 1 253 windows in Bernauer Strasse were walled up. Within a month 2 000 inhabitants had been driven out of their homes. Other forced expulsions took place later on. On 24th August, the first fugitive was shot as he swam across the border.

In protest against the building of the Wall, on 16th August, West Berliners decided to boycott the S-Bahn, which, in accordance with an Interallied agreement dating from the end of the war, was operated by the Reichsbahn under East German control, even in the west. This was the beginning of the end for the S-Bahn which East Germany finally sold off to West Berlin city council in 1983.

The wall cemented the division of Berlin, Germany and Europe.

 

Berlin
Berlin

 

 Berliners and the Wall
Berliners and the Wall

 Doors and windows were walled up
Doors and windows were walled up

 

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  The Wall at the Brandenburg Gate
The Wall at the Brandenburg Gate
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