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Annexes

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  The Wall in dates

1944
12 September : The London conference sets out the future Four Power Status of Greater Berlin.

1945
2 May : Berlin surrenders to the Soviets.

1946
20 October : Free elections in Berlin, the first since 1932 and last until 1990.

1947
24 June : Ernst Reuter’s election as mayor of Berlin invalidated by the Soviets.

1948
24 June : Start of the Berlin blockade.
25 June : Start of the Berlin airlift.
30 November : Administrative and political division of Berlin. Friedrich Ebert elected mayor of East Berlin, and Ernst Reuter mayor of West Berlin.

1949
8 May : Creation of West Germany.
12 May : End of the Berlin blockade.
7 October : Proclamation of East Germany, and East Berlin becomes its capital.

1952
27 May : Telephone communications between West Berlin and East Germany interrupted.

1953
16-17 June : Riots in East Berlin and East Germany.

1957
3 October : Willy Brandt Mayor of West Berlin until 1966.

1958
27 November : Soviet ultimatum on Berlin.

1961
13 August : The East-West Berlin border completed.
17 August : The western Allies protest against the violation of the Four Power Status of Berlin
19 August : The Wall’s first victim, after a fall.
19-21 August : US Vice-President Johnson visits Berlin with General Clay.
24 August  : First fugitive shot.
25 October : Confrontation between American and Soviet tanks at Checkpoint Charlie.

1962
17 August : Peter Fechter dies at the foot of the Wall.

1963
26 June : President Kennedy’s " Ich bin ein Berliner " speech in West Berlin.
17 December : First agreement on passes.

1964
3-5 October : Spectacular escape of 57 East Berliners through a tunnel dug out under the Wall.

1971
31 January : Telephone communications restored between the two Berlins.
3 September : Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin signed.

1987
12 June : As part of festivities marking the city’s 750th anniversary, US President Ronald Reagan asks Gorbachev to " tear down this wall ".

1989
6 February : Chris Gueffroy the last fugitive to be shot.
2 May : Hungary announces the gradual dismantling of the " iron curtain " along her border with Austria.
11 September : Over 10 000 East German refugees in Hungary arrive in West Germany.
11 September : Creation of Neue Forum in East Berlin.
7 October : 40th anniversary of East Germany. Gorbachev in East Berlin to meet Erich Honecker, who makes his final public appearance. Demonstrations are brutally stamped out.
18 October : Erich Honecker replaced by Egon Krenz as East German leader.
4 November : A million East Germans demonstrate in the Alexanderplatz, East Germany’s biggest ever rally.
9 November : Borders between the two Berlins and the two Germanies opened. East Germans are free to travel.
10 November  : Free elections in East Germany announced for 1990.
12 November : Potsdam Square reopened in the presence of the two mayors of Berlin.
28 November : Chancellor Kohl’s 10 point plan for a German confederation.
22 December  : The Brandenburg Gate reopened.

1990
18 March : First free elections in East Germany.
6 May : First free local council elections in East Berlin.
13 June : Start of systematic demolition of the Wall.
22 June : In the presence of the foreign ministers of the four former occupying powers, Checkpoint Charlie is removed.
1 July : Monetary union between East and West Germany. The two mayors of Berlin reopen 8 underground train stations that had been closed for 28 years.
12 September : the four former occupying powers and the two German states sign a treaty " on a final settlement concerning Germany " in Moscow.
3 October : Reunification of the two German states.
2 December : First parliamentary elections in a united Germany.

1991
20 June : The Bundestag decides that Berlin is the rightful capital of a united Germany.
13 November : End of demolition of the Wall.

1992
12 November : Start of the " Honecker trial " on responsibility for the building of the Wall.

1994
31 August-8 September : The last Russian and western soldiers leave Berlin.

1995
22 October: Referendum on a new Constitution for Berlin approved by 75.10 % of the electorate.

1999
19 April: The government and parliament are transferred to Berlin.

 

 

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